Links and References

Links & References - Here is where I place any information I think will be relevant or interesting to our class that I find in my readings. During the year you will be required to bring in outside information, besides what you read in your textbooks, to assist you in answering DBQ and FRQ questions on exams. Any reputable links that I believe may help you will be posted below. You are responsible for taking the time to research them and discover the information that will help you be successful in this class and on the exam.

Working with online primary and secondary sources - The internet is a wealth of information, especially historical facts and information. The key is knowing what is reliable and what is not. Listed below are a series of websites that are considered reputable. When using the information obtained online remember to write down where you found it so the required citation is always available for you.

WWPHSN Media Center Database Passwords - Click here to download a copy of the media center's databases and passwords required to access them

Here is an alphabetical list of general websites for U. S. History research:

Africans in America - PBS Online -
This site was created as a companion to the PBS series of the same name and traces the history of Africans in America through Reconstruction chronologically. It contains documents, images and maps that are linked to a narrative essay.

Alexander Street Press -
This has almost twenty databases of digitized materials, it provides first-hand accounts in Diaries, letters and memoirs as well as literary efforts such as poetry, drama and fiction. Additional material such as early encounters in North America The Culture, peoples and environment from the mid 1500s to the mid 1800s. You can also find American Civil War: Letters and Diaries; Women's Letters and Diaries; Immigrant Diaries; Oral Histories, etc.

American Journeys - The Wisconsin Historical Society and National History Day -
This site has a plethora of first hand accounts of North American and Canadian exploration ranging from the Vikings circa 1,000 C.E. to journal entries from the late nineteenth century. Documents include the original journals of the Lewis and Clark expedition 1804 - 1806. Additionally there are a number of images including woodcuts, drawings, paintings and photographs.

American History: Historical Collections for the National Digital LIbrary American Memory Project, Library of Congress -
This is an expansive archive of American history and culture featuring more than ine million items dating from 1490 to the present. Strengths include the early republic with documents an papers on the Continental Congress, U.S. Congress, early Virginia religious petitions, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, the Civil War, Lincoln's papers, Matthew Brady's photographs as well as exploration and settlement of the west. It also has papers on inventors such as Alexander Graham Bell, Samuel F. B. MOrse, and the Wright Brothers. Composers such as Leonare Bernstein and Aaron Copland. It has information on the New Deal, WWII, women history, folk music, sheet music, maps and photography.

American President: An Online Reference Resource
- The Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia -
Here you will find information on all of the nation's presidents. There is an indepth biographical essay, details about the first lady and members of the cabinet. There are also links to presidential speeches and discussions. You will find oral histories and recordings from Roosevelt thru Nixon.

American Time Capsule: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Printed Ephemera - American Memory Project, Library of Congress -
Ephemera means transitory documents created for a specific purpose and intended to be thrown away. This site furnishes more than 10,000 of these items dated from the seventeenth centuiry to the present with the majority coming from the nineteenth century. Included in this collection are posters, advertisements, leaflets, propaganda, business cards, etc. They relate to such areas as the American Revolution, slavery, western migration, the Civil War, the Industrial Revolution, trabel, labor, education, health, and woman's suffrage.

Antebellum Plantation Life in America -
This site contains the digitized letters of the Cameron Family a southern plantation owing family and is a good source of information pertaining to life on a plantation in the antebellum south

Archival Research Catalog (ARC) - National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) -
This site contains more than 78,000 digital government resources, and expands daily. Materials include, textual records, photographs, maps, architectural drawings, artifacts, sound recordings, and motion pictures dating from the colonial period to the recent past. There are items on presidents, the military, war, immigration, Japanese American internment, slavery, science, prisons, federal programs, the environment, the National Park Service, foreign affairs, civil rights, African Americans, and Native Americans.

Avalon Project - Documents in Law, History and Govenment
- Yale Law School -
More than 3,500 full-text documents available that address U.S legal, economic, political, dipolmatic, and governmental history. Documents are divided into five time periods and include treaties, presidential papers and addresses and colonial charters, as well as state and federal constitutional and legal documents.

Battle Lines: Letters from America's Wars - The Gilder Lehrman Institute and the Legacy Project -
Both th personal and politicla sides of Americans engaged in warfare are represented ere in this annotated collection of more than thirty letters. They cover conflicts from the Revolutionary War to the current war in Iraq and are divided into thematic sections titled Enlisting, Comforts of Home, Love, Combat, The End of the War. Letters from well known military figures such as Robert E. Lee and Douglas MacArthur as well as unknown veterans.

Built in America:Historic American Buildings Survey andHistoric American Engineering Record -American Memory Project, Library of Congress, and National Parks Service -
Facisimile images of measured drawings, photographs and written documentation cover 35,000 significant historic sites dating from the seventeenth to the twentieth centuries.

Campaign Atlases - Major Robert Bateman, U.S. Military Academy -
This site is most useful in studying cartography (maps) and military istory. It holds over 400 twentieth-century color maps of military campaigns from American colonial wars to U.S. involvement in Somalia in the early 1990s.

Digital History - Steven Mintz and Sarah McNeil -
Multimedia resources for teaching and studying American history focusing on slavery, ethnic history, private life, technological achievement and American film. There are more than 600 documents on the history of Mexican Americans, Native Americans, and slavery from the first encounter through the Civil War. Additionally there are links to historic speaches, newspaper articles, historian's discussing relevant topics, etc.

Digital Scriptorium - Digital Scriptorium, Duke University -
This site contins a wealth of primary documents including the emergence of advertising in America, 1850 - 1920 and other collections of advertisements. Additionally there are other photographs and writings available from a variety of American time periods.

Documenting the American South - Uiversity of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Libraries -
Almost 1,400 documents that address different aspects of life int he South from the eighteenth, nineteenth, and early twentieth centuries.

English Language Resources - University of Virginia, Electronic Text Center -
Over 9,500 full-text works are presented here. Items from such authors as Edgar Allan Poe and Walt Whitman as well as works by African Americans and Native Americans. Women writers are also represented here along with Walter Reed's Yellow Fever collection

Famous Trials - Douglas Linder, Professor of Law, University of Missouri, Kansas City -
Exceptional legal history website presents balanced treatment of more than fifty prominent court trials such as Salem witchcraft, Burr conspiracy, Armistad, Dakota conflict, Lincoln conspiracy, Johnson impeachment, and Susan B. Anthony. Twentieth-century trials include Sacco and Vanzetti, Scopes, Scottsboro Boys, Rosenbergs, Lenny Bruce, Missippi Burning, the Chicago Seven, My Lai courts martial, LAPD Police, O.J. Simpson, Clinton Impeachment. Each trial includes chronology, maps, court documents, transcripts of testimony, media coverage, depositions, and government documents.

Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS), 1861 - 1960 - University of Wisconsin, Madison, Libraries -
Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS), 1945 - 1972 - U.S. State Department -
This is the official record of major declassified U.S. foreign policy decisions and diplomatic activity. material including transcripts of taped recordings, comes from presidential libnraries and executive departments and agencies. This is not a full range of the published volumes. These documents have been selected for their ability to illuminitate policy formulation and mafor aspects and repercuyssions of it's execution.

Gifts of Speech: Women's speeches from Around the World - Sweet Briar College, Virginia -
This site charts the changes in women's rhetoric in the public realm from 1848 to the present. There is an emphasis on the United States particularly after 1900 but speeches come from women as diverse as Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Sojurner Truth, Marie Curie, Helen Keller, Eleanor Roosevelt, Betty Friedan and Ayn Rand to name just a few.

Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History -
The collection contains about 10,000 digitized American historical documents, images, and objects from 1493 - 1998 and is part of a larger collection of more than 60,000 items.

Images of Native Americans - Bancroft Library at the University of California, Berkeley -
Over 80 items that originate from rare books, pamphlets, journals, pulp magazines, newsapers, and original photographs. These images represent European interpertations of Native Americans, images os popular culture, literary and political observations and artistic representations.

In Motion: The African-American Migration Experience
- Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture -
MIgration is a prominent theme in African American history. This site is built around the experiences of 13 distinct migratory experiences. It contains over 16,500 pages of texts, 8,300 illustrations and sixty seven maps are included.

Library of Congress -  This site is an outstanding source of information pertaining to America's past.  It is the digitized collection of works stored at the Library in Washington, D. C.


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