This unit will focus on the changes in thought and politics.  The years between 1559 and 1715 provide a galaxy of artists and thinkers who still command ourattention.  This was the age of Shakespeare, Cervantes, Montaigne, Descartes, Galileo, Rubens, Milton, Moliere, Rembrandt, Hobbes, Spinoza and Locke. The creative genius of these artists and thinkers still commands our attention.  It is not easy to characterize in a few words this period of culture in Modern Europe.  The difficulty is increased by the various intellectual and artistic trends.  Something encouraged these people to question rather than synthesize and inspired artists to wrestle with the newest, biggest and most variegated subjects they could find.  European culture was passing through an aggressive and experimental phase.  For want of a better label, the seventeenth century is sometimes referred to as the Age of Genius.  This was no different in the development of the state.
In the seventeenth century, European monarchs were running roughshod over noble prerogatives and town privileges.  Even through this time period, England and the Dutch Republic maintained forms of representative government.  These countries were the anomalies in Europe.  The Stuart flirtation with absolutism in England brought discord, resistance and civil war.  This led to a constitutional crisis which brought down the monarchy and established a republic, only to return with a constitutional settlement in 1688.  After winning independence from Spain in 1648, the merchant class of the Netherlands was able to brush aside the absolutist challenge from the House of Orange.  The other continental rulers of Europe relentlessly extended their power.  The sovereigns of France, Prussia, Russia, Austria and Sweden became absolute rulers.  They made personal rule absolute, based on loyalty to themselves as individuals, not to the state as an abstraction.

Unit Two Syllabus

 Reader IV:
Absolutism and Constitutionalism
 Reader V:
Society and Economy
 Reader VI:
Century of Genius
 Reader VII:
The Eighteenth Century
 vanDyck  Vermeer  Velaz Char 
 Charles from Three Angles
Anthony vanDYCK
View of Delft
Joannes VERMEER 
Self Portrait
The House of Cards
Jean-Baptiste CHARDIN 
 Pages 125-135 Pages 177-187   Art & Architecture Pages 285-293
 Pages 135-151  Music
Pages 152-168  Pages 188-204  Philosophy  Pages 294-302 
Pages 169-176  Science 
Introduction to the Seventeenth Century
Class 01  The World of the 17th Century: A Vermeer Painting Come Alive
Class 02  Society: 1600-1715 You're Not Permitted at the Table
Class 03  Work and Money: No Bubbly For You
Class 04 & 5 Classroom Research on Century of Genius

The English Revolution
Class 06  Constitutionalism: Tudors, Stuarts and Puritans
Class 07 & 08 C3 or Charles, Cromwell and Civil War
Class 09  Constitutionalism: So you Killed Your King, Now What?
Class 10  The Glorious Revolution and the English Bill of Rights: Babies, Dutchmen and Germans
Century of Genius
Class 12 PDF   JPEG Eye Candy and Hyperactivity: Baroque Culture int he Visual Arts
Class 12 PDF   JPEG Leave No Space Empty: Baroque Architecture
Class 13 PDF   JPEG Auricular Games: Baroque Music
Class 13 PDF   JPEG Down in Front: Drama and Literature in the 17th Century
Class 14 PDF   JPEG Rock Their Universe: Scientific Changes in the 17th Century
Class 14 PDF   JPEG The Good, the Bad and the Philosopher: Philosophy in the 17th C.
Century of Genius Reflection Sheet

Class 17 DBQ and the POV
Absolutism in France and Russia
Class 18  Absolutism in France: un Foi, un Loi, un Roi
Class 19  Characteristics of Absolutism: Wait Till Your Father Gets Home
Class 20  L'etst c'est moi or It's Good To Be The King
Class 21 The Land of the Tsars
Class 22 The Westernization of Russia or Go West Young Cossack
Class 23  Northern Europe: Poland, Sweden and the Dutch
Class 24a Habsburg Lands, or Lots of Differences
Class 24b Brandenberg and Prussia or What's My Title

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